Legal Authorities for Isolation and Quarantine

Breaking a federal quarantine order is punishable by fines and imprisonment. As regards the precautions to be taken on land frontiers, it was decided that during the prevalence of plague every country had the inherent right to close its land frontiers against traffic.

All others were free to land on giving the addresses of their destinations to be sent to the respective local authorities, so that the dispersed passengers and crew could be kept individually under observation for a few days. Since Stangate Creek on the Medway had been made the quarantine station at home; but it would appear from the above clause that it was available only for vessels with clean bills.

In recent history, only a few public health events have prompted federal isolation or quarantine orders. Isolation separates sick people with a contagious disease from people who are not sick. In the event of a conflict, federal law is supreme. That is against their freedom of privacy and Constitutional rights.

State and local public health authorities, relying on their own legal processes, enforced these recommendations by imposing their own movement restrictions on individuals potentially exposed to Ebola.

Legal Authorities for Isolation and Quarantine Quarantine CDC

And the last large-scale quarantine in the U. Public Health and Safety. States have police power functions to protect the health, safety, and welfare of persons within their borders. World Health Organization WHO , specialized agency of the United Nations established in to further international cooperation for improved public health conditions. Posted in: Subscribe to: If a health emergency exists, the Governor in Council can prohibit importation of anything that it deems necessary under the Quarantine Act.

Avian Flu Diary: A Revision In the List Of Quarantinable Communicable Diseases

Posted by Michael Coston at 9: Extra text: Quarantine applies to those who have been exposed to a contagious disease but who may or may not become ill. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. In fact, until this recent situation, the CDC hadn't issued such an order since , when it quarantined a woman for smallpox exposure. In contrast, section b 42 U. In two vessels laden with cotton goods from Cyprus, then a seat of plague, were ordered to be burned with their cargoes, the owners receiving as indemnity.

History of Quarantine

Skip to main content. As emerging disease threats evolve, so to must the legalese enabling an adequate response.

Later, isolation was prolonged to 40 days and was called quarantine. Besides the port of entry where it is located, each station is also responsible for quarantining potentially infected travelers entering through any ports of entry in its assigned region.

Protection against imported diseases fell under local and state jurisdiction. Many other illnesses of public health signficance, such as measles, mumps, rubella, and chicken pox, are not contained in the list of quarantinable illnesses, but continue to pose a health risk to the public.

Electronic or Internet-Based Monitoring: See Article History. The new definition of an ill person is too open, especially for the addition of skin rash and persistent cough.


The CDC should not be adding these stricter movement rules. File Formats Help: Quarantine separates and restricts the movement of people who were exposed to a contagious disease to see if they become sick.

As local authorities came to realize the benefits of federal involvement, local quarantine stations were gradually turned over to the U. Ebola Virus Disease: