Thus he suggested that they draw up an appeal to all people for peace. Tolstoy elucidated three ways we can know how to act. Thus the simple truth is that war and executions are murder, even though people try to justify them.

The other cornerstone is a moral theory in terms of which Tolstoy sought to evaluate the quality of admitted works of art. Leo Wiener, p. He exposed the cruel punishments the army uses to turn men into less than animals, into machines, which perform deeds most repulsive to human nature.

Maude, Aylmer b. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 34 1: Tolstoy did not lay the blame on the leaders and "great men" whom he believed were merely puppets of history, a history shaped by the millions of choices made by the countless individuals participating.

This truth is found in our consciences and is given to us by God. Involves recycling and concentrating elements from other works, [29] typical examples of which are: The state tries to justify its violence with the assumption that it prevents violence; but Tolstoy held that if the government stopped all its violence, then the total amount of violence would decrease.

In recognizing Christianity, even in the distorted form in which it is professed among Christian peoples, and in recognizing at the same time the necessity for armies and arms to kill in wars on the most enormous scale, there is such an obvious and crying contradiction that sooner or later, probably very soon, it will be exposed and will put an end either to the acceptance of the Christian religion which is necessary to maintain power, or to the existence of an army and any violence supported by it, which is no less necessary to maintain power.

Tolstoy's closest approach to a definition of religious perception in What Is Art? Tolstoy felt that legislation had been used as organized violence to allow some people to oppress others. Tolstoy seems to indicate in What Is Art? Books by Leo Tolstoy essays Aesthetics literature. Violence distorts public opinion as to what is right and obscures people's recognition of the true spiritual forces of humanity.

An analogy to support his point: Like this: So that by art, in the limited sense of the word, we do not mean all human activity transmitting feelings but only that part which we for some reason select from it and to which we attach special importance.

The evil committed by man not only weakens his soul and deprives him of true happiness, but more often than not falls back on the one who commits it. Second, we can use our reason to see that if people acted in this way, it would be best for everyone. The type of political or social system, whether to preserve a monarchy or a republic or replace it with a socialist or communist regime, if the method is violent, they cannot but fail until the supreme law of love is universally practiced; for love transcends all the social systems.

What is Art? Art criticism is a symptom of the obscurity of art, for "[a]n artist, if he is a true artist, has in his work conveyed to others the feelings he has experienced: This article is about a book by Leo Tolstoy.

Tolstoy on the Law of Love by Sanderson Beck

Every man, in refusing to take part in military service or to pay taxes to a government which uses them for military purposes, is, by this refusal, rendering a great service to God and man, for he is thereby making use of the most efficacious means of furthering the progressive movement of mankind toward that better social order which it is striving after and must eventually attain.

In his article on the foreign sources of What is Art? Violence will never cease due to the threat of violence but only when people become good and refrain from it altogether. Tolstoy described the suffering of a civilized man amid the spontaneous lives of the natives in The Cossacks , which he completed in just prior to beginning War and Peace.

He explained how literary minds fall away from traditional religion only to get lost in an aesthetic nihilism. By love and rational persuasion humanity can truly progress toward a better way of life. The result is art theory that disparages art "of the people" in favor of elite or "genteel art. Who created this page? It is hardly too much to say that many would find the scope assigned by Tolstoy to art in general to be, while logically consequent upon his previous assumptions, uncomfortably broad, particularly if the high value traditionally placed on works of art is to be maintained.

When everyone observes the law of love, union will be realized without effort. Tolstoy's Letters tr.