The (Not So) Neutrals of World War II

Die Volksabstimmungen von und in der Schweiz, Zurich , chapter 3, passim. They ended up shooting in less-spoilt nearby Silenen.

World War I Switzerland Tourism

The east—west antagonism dragged on during the following decades and was occasionally exacerbated by events, such as the official visit of Wilhelm II, German Emperor in , for which a full military manoeuvre was arranged. Please upgrade your browser. While the Germans mulled invading Switzerland in Operation Tannenbaum , a feint in the north with the Italians attacking from the south, his professional officers didn't like their prospects.

Do you have a strategic analysis of what advantage would derive from ignoring international law? Ogley, Roderick: A general history , Manchester; New York It is not just a matter of choice and only up to Switzerland. Our vision of wartime ''neutrality'' was an illusion. Morality was secondary, if that; which is where the gold and the assets of Jewish victims of Hitler come in.

World War I

An age where neutrality itself is necessarily relative. The visionary force of many remarks made by the League's supporters, even from unlikely supporters, is impressive. License This text is licensed under: The Geneva satirical magazine Guguss was banned in October for the duration of the war. There must be a strategic benefit to attacking a neutral country.

World War I: Treaties and Reparations

Treaties and Reparations. Neutrality is a fundamental problem in modern Swiss history and played a pivotal role in both world wars. The cold war, an era of moral absolutism, has given way to an age in which even ''good'' states can be bad, or at least reveal their imperfections. Mountains mean easily defended choke points. Switzerland rises, in successive waves of wood-covered terrain across the axis of an attack.

You May Like. He means that countries don't automatically get to be neutral just because they want to be. What is interesting is that all these facts, more or less known for some time, are commanding such attention now. Above all, however, it was necessary to behave with more humility. Fewer Certainties. The other portion of the Dual Monarchy, Hungary also became an independent state: In modern Swiss history, neutrality was always a fundamental problem, at least since its endorsement at the Second Peace Treaty of Paris.

Gustave Ador , in: The new Republic of Turkey, established in its aftermath, signed a superseding Treaty of Lausanne in , effectively partitioning the old Ottoman Empire. Ein Wort zur Besinnung , Zurich Immediately after the war, the United States did attempt to press Portugal to surrender 44 tons of German gold by freezing its assets in the United States.

Yugoslavia's destruction, in many ways, was an old war refought. What principles of international law do you cite to support your notion that any participant can deny neutrality?